Behali Reserve Forest, India
KBA status: Global/ Regional to be determined
Rationale for qualifying as KBA: Global/ Regional KBA status to be determined: a KBA of international significance that was identified using previously established criteria and thresholds for the identification of Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) and for which available data indicate that it does not meet global KBA criteria and thresholds set out in the Global Standard.
Priority for re-assessment against the Global KBA Standard.
For further details on this site and its significance as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area, see here.
Behali Reserve Forest is located at the foothills of the Eastern Himalaya, in Sonitpur district of Assam, on the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border. It is part of the Sonitpur Elephant Reserve that was notified in 2003. The area is flat with gentle slopes. Some hilly areas lie in the extreme north of the IBA. The forest is Tropical Wet Evergreen and Semi-evergreen. Some fine patches of primary rainforest are still to be seen in the area. The top canopy consists of species such as Tetrameles nudiflora, an emergent deciduous species, which is widely used by hornbills for nesting (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
MAIN THREATS: Encroachment; Illegal felling of trees; Poaching; Insurgency. Behali RF is among the survivors in Sonitpur where organized encroachment has destroyed most of the forest outside the protected areas. A relatively small area of this IBA has been encroached, but it is under constant pressure (Choudhury 2002). Illegal tree felling and occasional poaching are other issues. The interstate border dispute between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh often makes the area vulnerable to encroachment and felling of trees.
|IUCN Habitat||Coverage level||Coverage %||Habitat detail|
|Threat level 1||Threat level 2||Threat level 3||Timing||Scope||Severity||Impact|
|Agriculture & aquaculture||Annual & perennial non-timber crops||Small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals||Intentional use (species is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||Logging & wood harvesting||Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|