Behali Reserve Forest, India

Site Details
Assessment Details

Site Overview

KBA status: Global/ Regional to be determined

Rationale for qualifying as KBA: Global/ Regional KBA status to be determined: a KBA of international significance that was identified using previously established criteria and thresholds for the identification of Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) and for which available data indicate that it does not meet global KBA criteria and thresholds set out in the Global Standard.

Priority for re-assessment against the Global KBA Standard.

For further details on this site and its significance as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area, see here.

Global KBA criteria:
Year of assessment: 2004
National site name: Behali Reserve Forest
Central coordinates: Lat: 26.92 Long: 93.38
System: Terrestrial
Altitude (m): 80 to 150
Area of KBA (ha): 8,771
Protected area coverage (%): 0

Text account

Year of compilation: 2004
Site description:

Behali Reserve Forest is located at the foothills of the Eastern Himalaya, in Sonitpur district of Assam, on the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border. It is part of the Sonitpur Elephant Reserve that was notified in 2003. The area is flat with gentle slopes. Some hilly areas lie in the extreme north of the IBA. The forest is Tropical Wet Evergreen and Semi-evergreen. Some fine patches of primary rainforest are still to be seen in the area. The top canopy consists of species such as Tetrameles nudiflora, an emergent deciduous species, which is widely used by hornbills for nesting (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).

Summary of threats to biodiversity at KBA:

MAIN THREATS: Encroachment; Illegal felling of trees; Poaching; Insurgency. Behali RF is among the survivors in Sonitpur where organized encroachment has destroyed most of the forest outside the protected areas. A relatively small area of this IBA has been encroached, but it is under constant pressure (Choudhury 2002). Illegal tree felling and occasional poaching are other issues. The interstate border dispute between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh often makes the area vulnerable to encroachment and felling of trees.


IUCN Habitat Coverage level Coverage % Habitat detail
Forest Unknown -
Wetlands (inland) Unknown -


Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Threat level 3 Timing Scope Severity Impact
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops Small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Intentional use (species is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Recommended citation

Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership (2020) Key Biodiversity Areas factsheet: Behali Reserve Forest. Extracted from the World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas. Developed by the Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership: BirdLife International, IUCN, American Bird Conservancy, Amphibian Survival Alliance, Conservation International, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, Global Environment Facility, Global Wildlife Conservation, NatureServe, Rainforest Trust, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, World Wildlife Fund and Wildlife Conservation Society. Downloaded from on 23/10/2021.