Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary, India
KBA status: Global/ Regional to be determined
Rationale for qualifying as KBA: Global/ Regional KBA status to be determined: a KBA of international significance that was identified using previously established criteria and thresholds for the identification of Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) and for which available data indicate that it does not meet global KBA criteria and thresholds set out in the Global Standard.
Priority for re-assessment against the Global KBA Standard.
For further details on this site and its significance as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area, see here.
Parvati and Aranga are two connected waterbodies comprising an area of 1,084 ha.They are rainfed lakes in a deep natural depression in the Gangetic plains of the terai region. The Parvati Aranga Sanctuary was established in 1997. However, core and buffer zones have not yet been demarcated. Although no village is located in the immediate vicinity of the Sanctuary, agricultural fields have reached the edge of the wetland. According to the Forest Department, many agricultural fields have encroached on forest land. For proper management, settlement of rights and demarcation of the true boundaries of the Sanctuary are required. It is also essential to involve local people in the management of the wetland, so that both people and birds benefit. The Sanctuary lacks an interpretation centre and there are no publicity pamphlets on this important wetland. No visitor record is kept. The staff is not trained in bird watching.
MAIN THREATS: Disturbance to birds from fishing; Drainage; Pesticides. Till 1996, the Fisheries Department used to auction the fish in the area, which has now stopped. Fishing, however, continues illegally. Birds are trapped with nets, but not to any significant extent. The Sanctuary has no weeds, but on the banks some wild Cannabis has made an appearance. This needs to be removed to maintain the wetland. The pesticide used in the surrounding fields runs off into the lakes, but its impact on birds has not been assessed.
|IUCN Habitat||Coverage level||Coverage %||Habitat detail|
|Threat level 1||Threat level 2||Threat level 3||Timing||Scope||Severity||Impact|
|Human intrusions & disturbance||Work & other activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases||Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases||Named species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||Dams & water management/use||Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals||Intentional use (species is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Pollution||Agricultural & forestry effluents||Herbicides and pesticides||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources||Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|