Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary, India

Site Details
Assessment Details

Site Overview

KBA status: Global/ Regional to be determined

Rationale for qualifying as KBA: Global/ Regional KBA status to be determined: a KBA of international significance that was identified using previously established criteria and thresholds for the identification of Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) and for which available data indicate that it does not meet global KBA criteria and thresholds set out in the Global Standard.

Priority for re-assessment against the Global KBA Standard.

For further details on this site and its significance as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area, see here.

Global KBA criteria:
Year of assessment: 2004
National site name: Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary
Central coordinates: Lat: 27.42 Long: 82.33
System: Terrestrial, Freshwater
Altitude (m): 0 to 0
Area of KBA (ha): 899
Protected area coverage (%): 0

Text account

Year of compilation: 2004
Site description:

Parvati and Aranga are two connected waterbodies comprising an area of 1,084 ha.They are rainfed lakes in a deep natural depression in the Gangetic plains of the terai region. The Parvati Aranga Sanctuary was established in 1997. However, core and buffer zones have not yet been demarcated. Although no village is located in the immediate vicinity of the Sanctuary, agricultural fields have reached the edge of the wetland. According to the Forest Department, many agricultural fields have encroached on forest land. For proper management, settlement of rights and demarcation of the true boundaries of the Sanctuary are required. It is also essential to involve local people in the management of the wetland, so that both people and birds benefit. The Sanctuary lacks an interpretation centre and there are no publicity pamphlets on this important wetland. No visitor record is kept. The staff is not trained in bird watching.

Summary of threats to biodiversity at KBA:

MAIN THREATS: Disturbance to birds from fishing; Drainage; Pesticides. Till 1996, the Fisheries Department used to auction the fish in the area, which has now stopped. Fishing, however, continues illegally. Birds are trapped with nets, but not to any significant extent. The Sanctuary has no weeds, but on the banks some wild Cannabis has made an appearance. This needs to be removed to maintain the wetland. The pesticide used in the surrounding fields runs off into the lakes, but its impact on birds has not been assessed.


IUCN Habitat Coverage level Coverage % Habitat detail
Wetlands (inland) Unknown -


Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Threat level 3 Timing Scope Severity Impact
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases Named species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Intentional use (species is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents Herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Recommended citation

Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership (2020) Key Biodiversity Areas factsheet: Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary. Extracted from the World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas. Developed by the Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership: BirdLife International, IUCN, American Bird Conservancy, Amphibian Survival Alliance, Conservation International, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, Global Environment Facility, Global Wildlife Conservation, NatureServe, Rainforest Trust, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, World Wildlife Fund and Wildlife Conservation Society. Downloaded from on 27/09/2021.