Primeiras and Segundas Environmental Protection Area (APAIPS), Mozambique

Site Details
Assessment Details

Site Overview

KBA status: Global

Rationale for qualifying as KBA: Global: a KBA of international significance that meets the thresholds for at least one criterion described in the Global Standard for the Identification of KBAs.

KBAs identified by the Mozambique KBA National Coordination Group (2020). Taxonomy, nomenclature and threat category follow the 2020-02 release of the IUCN Red List.

For further details on this site and its significance as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area, see here.

Global KBA criteria: A1a, B1
Year of assessment: 2020
National site name: Área de Proteção Ambiental das Ilhas Primeiras e Segundas (APAIPS)
Central coordinates: Lat: -17.00 Long: 38.73
System: Terrestrial, Marine
Altitude (m): 0 to 50
Area of KBA (ha): 11,590
Protected area coverage (%): 89

Text account

Year of compilation: 2020
Site description:

The proposed KBA covers an area of approximately 2511.945 km2 in the Archipelago of the Primeiras and Segundas Islands. The archipelago of the Primeiras and Segundas Islands is a complex formed by two groups of islands, with five islands each, forming a string parallel to the coast of Mozambique between latitudes 16 ° 12’S and 17 ° 17’S (ANAC 2015). This site is within an area regarded as Area for Environmental Protection (Área de Protecção Ambiental = APA) which is a conservation category where a sustainable use of resources is allowed. This site is therefore known as Area for Environmental Protection of the Primeiras and Segundas Islands (Área de Protecção Ambiental das Ilhas Primeiras e Segundas = APAIPS). The southernmost group of islands, regarded as the Primeiras Islands, is in the Zambezia Province and the northernmost group, the Segundas Islands, is in Nampula Province, and both form an almost continuous archipelago between the towns of Pebane and Angoche in northern-east Mozambique (Salm 1983; Schleyer and Celliers 2000). The coastal area is characterized by dune systems, sandy beaches and the rare miombo forest. This section is part of the Zanzibar-Inhambane Coastal Forest Mosaic with high biodiversity value (Tabor et al. 2010) and hosts wetlands and shrublands (Impacto 2012) with a recognized regional importance (Horril 2001). The area is characterized by a tropical semi-humid climate with a wet season from mid-November through March and a dry season from April to mid-November. The soils are generally sandy and particularly heaviest in the lowest coastal areas, have a reduced water-holding capacity, poor fertility and low cohesion, and therefore are prone to erosion, especially once the vegetation has been cleared, therefore with low-to-moderate potential for agriculture (Impacto 2012). The proposed site includes dunes habitat, mangrove forest and terrestrial vegetation such as shrubs and miombo forest.


IUCN Habitat Coverage level Coverage % Habitat detail
Shrubland - 2
Grassland - 2
Forest - 95

Recommended citation

Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership (2020) Key Biodiversity Areas factsheet: Primeiras and Segundas Environmental Protection Area (APAIPS). Extracted from the World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas. Developed by the Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership: BirdLife International, IUCN, American Bird Conservancy, Amphibian Survival Alliance, Conservation International, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, Global Environment Facility, Global Wildlife Conservation, NatureServe, Rainforest Trust, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, World Wildlife Fund and Wildlife Conservation Society. Downloaded from on 23/10/2021.