Kaundinya Wildlife Sanctuary, India

Site Details
Assessment Details

Site Overview

KBA status: confirmed

Rationale for qualifying as KBA: This site qualifies as a Key Biodiversity Area of international significance because it meets one or more previously established criteria and thresholds for identifying sites of biodiversity importance (including Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas, Alliance for Zero Extinction sites, and Key Biodiversity Areas)

Global KBA criteria:
Year of assessment: 2004
National site name: Kaundinya Wildlife Sanctuary
Central coordinates: Lat: 13.03 Long: 78.65
System: Terrestrial
Altitude (m): 0 to 0
Area of KBA (ha): 97,726
Protected area coverage (%): 0

Text account

Year of compilation: 2004
Site description:

Kaundinya Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 35,760 ha in Kuppam and Palmaner Ranges of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh. It is the only Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh known for harbouring a population of Asian elephants, which reportedly reappeared in 1984 after 200 years (Prasad and Reddy 2002). The Sanctuary has Dry Deciduous forests, with thorny scrub interspersed with trees providing a good habitat for Asian Elephants. These forests have small ponds, tanks and the Kaundinya and Kaigal tributaries of Palar River, which provide the main sources of water for the animals. The Sanctuary is situated 50 km from Chittoor and 120 km from Bangalore.

Summary of threats to biodiversity at KBA:

MAIN THREATS: Man-animal conflict; Over-grazing; Illegal wood collection. Since the Asian Elephants reappeared in Kaundinya WLS, it has become the focus of conservation action. Seven villages are situated inside the Sanctuary. Insufficient fodder in the forest due to severe over-grazing by livestock, and the availability of crops such as sugarcane, sorghum and ragi attract elephants to them, resulting in man-animal conflict. Sadly, till 2002, 42 people have been killed by elephants (Prasad and Reddy 2002). At the same time, 12 elephants were electrocuted to death by the angry villagers. Kalyani dam in Chamala Valley near Thirupathi is found to be a good habitat for elephants. The Chamala Valley is included in Sri Venkateswara National Park (also an IBA). A corridor for elephants is planned between Koundinya and Sri Venkateswara under Project Elephant (Prasad and Reddy 2002). With better habitat protection under Project Elephant, the Yellow-throated Bulbul would also benefit, along with other dry land bird species.


IUCN Habitat Coverage level Coverage % Habitat detail
1. Forest -
3. Shrubland -
6. Rocky Areas (e.g., inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -


Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Threat level 3 Timing Scope Severity Impact
1 Residential & commercial development 1.1 Housing & urban areas Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Medium
2 Agriculture & aquaculture 2.3 Livestock farming & ranching 2.3.2 Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Causing or likely to cause very rapid declines (>30% over 10 years or three generations; whichever is the longer) High
5 Biological resource use 5.1 Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals 5.1.3 Persecution/control Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Causing or likely to cause very rapid declines (>30% over 10 years or three generations; whichever is the longer) High
5 Biological resource use 5.3 Logging & wood harvesting 5.3.3 Unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest] Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Medium

Recommended citation

Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership (2023) Key Biodiversity Areas factsheet: Kaundinya Wildlife Sanctuary. Extracted from the World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas. Developed by the Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership: BirdLife International, IUCN, American Bird Conservancy, Amphibian Survival Alliance, Conservation International, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, Global Environment Facility, Re:wild, NatureServe, Rainforest Trust, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, World Wildlife Fund and Wildlife Conservation Society. Downloaded from http://www.keybiodiversityareas.org/ on 29/11/2023.