Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary and Saramati area, India
KBA status: confirmed
Rationale for qualifying as KBA: This site qualifies as a Key Biodiversity Area of international significance because it meets one or more previously established criteria and thresholds for identifying sites of biodiversity importance (including Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas, Alliance for Zero Extinction sites, and Key Biodiversity Areas) KBA identified in the CEPF Ecosystem Profile of the Eastern Himalayas Hotspot (2005). Taxonomy, nomenclature and threat category follow the 2002 IUCN Red List.
The Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary (642 ha) is on the slopes of Saramati Mountain. Fakim-Saramati is c. 30 km from the nearest township Pungro, which lies in Kiphire sub division of Tuensang district. The Sanctuary was constituted for the protection of Blyth’s Tragopan Tragopan blythii. The topography of the whole Sanctuary is montane, with undisturbed pristine forest. Several nullahs and streams intersect the area. Saramati Mountain is on the Indo-Myanmar international boundary and is an extensive wilderness with excellent subtropical and temperate forest (Choudhury 2002).
MAIN THREATS: Hunting. Fakim-Saramati, within the Saramati Mountain range, is a large tract of forest bordering Myanmar. The entire range has not been fully explored yet and it is a likely habitat for many important species of Indo-Malayan origin, including the Sumatran Rhino. The area is not accessible by road, so it is protected naturally. Hunting by tribals is the main threat.
|IUCN Habitat||Coverage level||Coverage %||Habitat detail|
|Threat level 1||Threat level 2||Threat level 3||Timing||Scope||Severity||Impact|
|5 Biological resource use||5.1 Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals||5.1.1 Intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||Ongoing||Affects the minority of the population (<50%)||Causing or likely to cause very rapid declines (>30% over 10 years or three generations; whichever is the longer)||High|