Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary, India

Site Details
Assessment Details

Site Overview


KBA status: confirmed

Rationale for qualifying as KBA: This site qualifies as a Key Biodiversity Area of international significance because it meets one or more previously established criteria and thresholds for identifying sites of biodiversity importance (including Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas, Alliance for Zero Extinction sites, and Key Biodiversity Areas)

Global KBA criteria:
Year of assessment: 2004
National site name: Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary
Central coordinates: Lat: 27.42 Long: 82.33
System: Terrestrial, Freshwater
Altitude (m): 0 to 0
Area of KBA (ha): 899
Protected area coverage (%): 0

Text account


Year of compilation: 2004
Site description:

Parvati and Aranga are two connected waterbodies comprising an area of 1,084 ha.They are rainfed lakes in a deep natural depression in the Gangetic plains of the terai region. The Parvati Aranga Sanctuary was established in 1997. However, core and buffer zones have not yet been demarcated. Although no village is located in the immediate vicinity of the Sanctuary, agricultural fields have reached the edge of the wetland. According to the Forest Department, many agricultural fields have encroached on forest land. For proper management, settlement of rights and demarcation of the true boundaries of the Sanctuary are required. It is also essential to involve local people in the management of the wetland, so that both people and birds benefit. The Sanctuary lacks an interpretation centre and there are no publicity pamphlets on this important wetland. No visitor record is kept. The staff is not trained in bird watching.

Summary of threats to biodiversity at KBA:

MAIN THREATS: Disturbance to birds from fishing; Drainage; Pesticides. Till 1996, the Fisheries Department used to auction the fish in the area, which has now stopped. Fishing, however, continues illegally. Birds are trapped with nets, but not to any significant extent. The Sanctuary has no weeds, but on the banks some wild Cannabis has made an appearance. This needs to be removed to maintain the wetland. The pesticide used in the surrounding fields runs off into the lakes, but its impact on birds has not been assessed.

Habitats


IUCN Habitat Coverage level Coverage % Habitat detail
5. Wetlands (inland) - - -

Threats


Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Threat level 3 Timing Scope Severity Impact
5 Biological resource use 5.1 Hunting & collecting terrestrial animals 5.1.1 Intentional use (species being assessed is the target) Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Causing or likely to cause negligible declines Low
5 Biological resource use 5.4 Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources 5.4.3 Unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale (species being assessed is not the target) [harvest] Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Causing or likely to cause relatively slow but significant declines (<20% over 10 years or three generations; whichever is the longer) Medium
6 Human intrusions & disturbance 6.3 Work & other activities Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Causing or likely to cause relatively slow but significant declines (<20% over 10 years or three generations; whichever is the longer) Medium
7 Natural system modifications 7.2 Dams & water management/use 7.2.3 Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Causing or likely to cause relatively slow but significant declines (<20% over 10 years or three generations; whichever is the longer) Medium
8 Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases 8.1 Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases 8.1.2 Named species Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Causing or likely to cause negligible declines Low
9 Pollution 9.3 Agricultural & forestry effluents 9.3.3 Herbicides & pesticides Ongoing Affects the minority of the population (<50%) Causing or likely to cause negligible declines Low

Recommended citation


Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership (2022) Key Biodiversity Areas factsheet: Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary. Extracted from the World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas. Developed by the Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership: BirdLife International, IUCN, American Bird Conservancy, Amphibian Survival Alliance, Conservation International, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, Global Environment Facility, Global Wildlife Conservation, NatureServe, Rainforest Trust, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, World Wildlife Fund and Wildlife Conservation Society. Downloaded from http://www.keybiodiversityareas.org/ on 06/10/2022.